Forest is a precious wealth indispensable to the existence of mankind and the economic development.
In consideration of the significance and importance of the conservancy and active increase of the forest resources, the United Nations set March 21 as the International Forest Day and calls upon all countries and nations to actively turn out in the work for afforestation and conservancy every year on the occasion of the day.
The theme of the International Forest Day this year is “Forest Restoration: a Path to Recovery and Well-Being”.
Forest accounts for 30 percent of the land area of the earth and 80 percent of animals and plants on the land are living on the forest.
The forest is an important carbon depot absorbing 2,000 million tons of carbon dioxide a year, so it is called the “lung of the earth”.
More than 300 million people in the world are living in the forest and more than one billion people get food, houses, firewood and income from the forest.
Besides, the forest has the function of storing and controlling the water. So it protects crops from flood, wind and rain and severe drought, prevents the soil from being washed away and renders other ecological services.
Today the area of forest is rapidly reduced owing to the excessive use of forest resources, exerting a grave influence on the human life and the world biodiversity.
Due to the excessive deforestation in the past 20 years, more than 13,500,000 hectares of forest equivalent to the land area of Britain is disappearing every year, and if this goes on at this rate, the forest would be completely gone out of the earth within 100 years.
The United Nations pointed out that 12 to 20 percent of the greenhouse gas emitted throughout the globe and 31 percent of the incidence of diseases like Ebola virus are related to the deforestation.
As said above, forest restoration is an important issue for mankind.
Now many countries of the world are paying state concern to the afforestation and conservancy.
In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea a lot of achievements are made in the forest restoration which is conducted vigorously according to the grand plan of the Workers’ Party of Korea.