By Yun Chun Hwa (pictured), chairwoman of the Management Board of the Chongsan Cooperative Farm.
This year marks the 60th anniversary of the creation of the Chongsanri spirit and Chongsanri method.
In the arduous postwar period six decades ago, Chongsan-ri was an amalgamation of several cooperatives and there were big hindrances to farming for lack of correct management.
Just at that time, in February 1960 more specifically, President Kim Il Sung visited Chongsan-ri and created the spirit and method named after the ri.
The Chongsanri spirit is an idea embodying the requirement of the Juche idea for considering everything centring on man and serving man, and the Chongsanri method is a work method embodying the requirement of the Juche idea for solving all problems by giving free rein to the creativity of the masses of the people who are masters of the revolution and construction.
As required by the spirit and method, officials of the farm always found themselves among farmers to work together with them and find ways for increased production, and farmers did farming hard. They gathered the largest ever harvest in the farm that year and increased the grain output 1.5 times higher than that in 1959.
Afterwards, they improved the Pongsang and other large and small rivers to completely prevent flood damage, rezoned all fields through several rounds of projects into standardized shapes and sizes and realized the comprehensive mechanization of farming operations from ploughing to threshing, thereby reaping an abundant crop every year.
As a result, there came into being the popular saying that “Only when spring comes in Chongsan-ri, does it come all across the country, and only when Chongsan-ri has a bumper crop, can the whole country have a great bumper crop” and famous music piece of the times A Bumper Harvest in the Chongsan Plain was produced.
We arranged farming work scientifically and scrupulously from the outset of this year in the spirit we had displayed to exceed the peak year level last year.
We make it a rule to analyse in detail the condition of the field that produces the highest yield in the farm and the cultivation method adopted for the field, at the time of rounding off a year’s farming and to draw on the experience. We also assess the growth conditions of crops every five days and take necessary steps on the spot. It can be said to be a characteristic of our management of the farm.
This year, by drawing on the experience obtained at the field that yielded 13 tons of rice per hectare, we produced and spread 50 tons of organic fertilizer over the fields per hectare to increase soil fertility and introduced the system of rice intensification into 40 percent of our paddy fields. Consequently, the number of grains per ear increased by dozens as against last year and the number of stems also went up.
In raising wheat as an earlier crop, we ensured the prescribed number of bunches of plants per phyong and applied fertilizers in a scientific manner to boost the output per hectare. We also raised the rate of land utilization 1.5-2 times through the double cultivation of potato and maize.
At present, we are channelling our efforts into wrapping up the year’s farming. After completing the harvest in a week, we are concentrating on taking in rice sheaves and threshing.
We are also pushing the preparations for next year’s farming to finish them by the year end.
We will further demonstrate the vitality of the Chongsanri spirit and method to turn our farm into a place good to work and live in.