The Korean people has created various musical instruments and developed their making techniques. Among them is haegum-making technique.
Created in the period of Ancient Joson (early 30th century BC-108 BC), haegum (Korean fiddle) is simple in structure and has clear, soft and distinctive timbre. For this reason, it was known as an instrument with great depictive ability.
It was widely used by civilians as it produces a timbre similar to a vocal sound, and can imitate conversation and the twittering of birds and cries of other animals.
Akhakgwebom, a book written in late 1400, carried a detailed haegum-making method illustrated with a picture, including its materials used in relevant parts of the instrument and their sizes.
It was mainly made of paulownia, spruce, fir, linden, black walnut, Aceraceae meno, Acer triflorum and birch, and its string with twisted silk thread.
It is put on the lap or between knees to play.
Haegum, which demonstrates the resourcefulness and talents of the Korean nation, was improved into a modern national stringed musical instrument in the late 1960s.
The improved instrument with wide range and soft timbre goes well with western musical instruments and can execute any form of performance.
According to the size, tone and usage, it is divided into small, medium and big haegum, and bass haegum, and haegum for adult and children.
Haegum-making technique is a national intangible cultural heritage.