Yongaesomun is a famous patriotic commander of the Koguryo Dynasty, the first feudal state of Korea which existed between 277 B.C. and A.D. 668.
From his childhood he mastered martial arts and tactics and had noble appearance and gallant character.
In October 642 Yongaesomun took the highest post “Makriji” next to the King and held the reins of the country.
He enforced the tough external policy without yielding to the outsiders’ interference in internal affairs and pressure. Internally he directed efforts to improving the socio-economic situation of the country and strengthening the national power.
Doctor and Associate Professor Kang Se Gwon, Section Chief of the History Institute under the Academy of Social Sciences, says:
“The qualifications of Yongaesomun as a famous commander were fully displayed in the war fought in 645. When foreign aggressor forces provoked the war with the mobilization of large troops, he skillfully organized and led the army and people and dealt an irretrievable heavy blow at the enemy, making a great contribution to the war victory. At that time, the attack of the Koguryo army led by Yongaesomun was so strong that even the crying child stopped crying in that country when he or she heard ‘Yongaesomun coming’. The story was told even to posterity. Afterwards, too, Yongaesomun resolutely repulsed the repeated armed invasion of the foreign aggressor forces and made an active contribution to defending the sovereignty of the country. For this reason, Koguryo was known as a powerful country all the more. Like this, Yongaesomun was one of the patriotic commanders in the history of the Korean nation.”
Later people named a peak on Mt. Taesong in Pyongyang, the last capital of Koguryo, “Somun Peak” in order to tell forever the feats of Yongaesomun who had bravely fought to defend the sovereignty and dignity of the country.