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Election Policy of the DPRK

Taken from http://naenara.com.kp

Election principles

The DPRK strictly adheres to the principles of universal, equal and direct suffrage in the election of organs of State power at all levels, ranging from a county people’s assembly to the Supreme People’s Assembly.

According to the principle of universal suffrage, all citizens who have reached the age of 17 have the right to elect and to be elected, irrespective of sex, race, occupation, length of residence, property status, education, political views or religious belief.

Citizens serving in the armed forces also have the right to elect and to be elected.

Citizens resident in other countries also have the right to be elected as deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly and can cast ballots according to their hope in case the election of deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly is held during their stay in the homeland.

The DPRK enforces the principle of equal suffrage in which a voter is registered only one time in the pollbook and, on this basis, goes to the polls only one time with one ballot.

It also ensures that a constituency is organized on the basis of similar population and one deputy is elected there.

According to the principle of direct suffrage, it makes sure that voters take part in the nomination of candidates for deputies to recommend them and, on the election day, personally cast their ballots for the deputies.

These principles are clearly stipulated in the Socialist Constitution of the DPRK and specified in the Law on the Elections of Deputies to the People’s Assemblies at All Levels.

Organization of election committees and constituencies

In the DPRK, a constituency for election of deputies to the people’s assemblies at all levels is organized according to the number of deputies in consideration of the number of administrative districts and population, and the number of constituency is decided equally with that of deputies to a relevant people’s assembly.

The constituencies for election of deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly are organized by the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly, and those for election of deputies to local people’s assemblies by relevant people’s committees.

For the convenience of voters, sub-constituencies are organized by the people’s committees in relevant cities (districts) and counties in consideration of administrative districts, the number of voters, traffic conditions, etc.

In case elections of deputies to the provincial (municipal people’s) assembly and city (district) and county people’s assemblies are conducted at the same time, the constituencies are organized on the principle of joining constituencies and sub-constituencies.

Constituencies and sub-constituencies for elections of deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly are organized 40 days prior to the election day, and those for elections of deputies to the provincial (municipal), city (district) and county people’s assemblies before 30 days.

In the DPRK, election committees are organized to ensure the successful election of deputies to the people’s assemblies at all levels.

The election committees at all levels comprise the people from all walks of life recommended at political parties and social organizations. An election committee needs more than two thirds of its members to meet, and its decision is adopted with the approval from over half the total number of participants.

The meetings of the central, provincial (municipal), city (district) and county election committees are held within ten days after the declaration of the election day, and those of constituencies and sub-constituencies within five days after setting those constituencies and sub-constituencies. All the election committees are dissolved three days after the announcement of election results.

Remuneration for the work done by members of those committees during the election is paid by their institutions, enterprises and organizations.

Nomination and registration of candidate for deputy

In the DPRK, a candidate for deputy to the people’s assemblies at all levels, ranging from a county people’s assembly to the Supreme People’s Assembly, is nominated directly by voters or jointly or separately by a political party and a social organization.

The nominated candidate for deputy to the people’s assemblies at all levels is subject to deliberation of qualification at a meeting of over 100 voters.

The voters’ meeting for deliberating the qualification of a candidate for deputy is organized by a constituency election committee.

The votors’ meeting introduces the nominator’s name, age, residence, political affiliation, social organization, job and position and career, and considers his/her qualification as a people’s representative.

The constituency election committee formally registers the nominator as a candidate for deputy if he/she is approved by over half of the participants in the meeting, and informs the person concerned and the nominator of the fact. A candidate for deputy is registered according to the order of his/her nomination.

In case a candidate is nominated in several constituencies, he or she is registered only in one constituency and, in this case, his/her nomination in other constituency is cancelled.

The nomination and registration of a candidate for deputy starts in five days after the formation of a constituency election committee and comes to an end until three days before the election day.

The registration of a candidate for deputy is cancelled in the following cases: when the candidate is disqualified for election; when the candidate nominated by a political party and a social organization is disqualified from being the member of the political party and the social organization; and when the candidate fails to work as a deputy due to such personal reasons as death and serious illness.

The cancellation of registration of a candidate for deputy is decided by a relevant constituency election committee which registered the candidate. In case of cancelling the registration of a candidate, the relevant constituency can nominate and register another candidate for deputy.

A constituency election committee makes public the name, sex, age, political affiliation, and job and position of the candidate for deputy registered in a relevant constituency, together his/her photo, until three days before the election day.

Election System in DPRK (4)

Election campaign

Election campaign in the DPRK is organized by relevant election committees at all levels, and a political party, a social organization and an elector can carry on an election campaign freely within the sphere of activity provided by law.

The election campaign starts from the day when the election day is announced, and the campaign for a candidate for deputy to the people’s assembly at all levels starts from the day when the registration of the candidate for deputy comes to an end.

The election campaign is conducted in various forms and methods such as publicity through publications, broadcasting, visual aids, art performances and oratorical meetings.

It is mainly aimed at notifying voters of the purpose and significance of election, the right of a voter stipulated in the election law, and election procedures and methods and introducing a candidate.

The election of deputies to the 14th Supreme People’s Assembly and the elections of deputies to provincial (municipal), city (district) and county people’s assemblies took place in the DPRK in March and July Juche 108 (2019).

Various forms of election campaigns were conducted through newspapers, broadcasting and TV, etc. with the elections as the momentum.

For a typical example, Rodong Sinmun, the organ of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, published such editorials, titled, “Let us greet the election of deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly with great political enthusiasm and proud labour feats”, “Let us all participate in the election to cement our people’s power as firm as a rock” and “Let us all vote for the deputies to local people’s assemblies in the election”.

As a result, 99.98% of voters across the country, registered in the voters’ list, participated in the election of deputies to provincial (municipal), city (district) and county people’s assemblies held on July 21, and all of them voted for the candidates for deputies registered in the relevant constituencies.

This shows that the election campaign in the DPRK is aimed at nominating the true representatives of the people and ensuring the successful election by awakening the political enthusiasm of voters.

Election campaign

Election campaign in the DPRK is organized by relevant election committees at all levels, and a political party, a social organization and an elector can carry on an election campaign freely within the sphere of activity provided by law.

The election campaign starts from the day when the election day is announced, and the campaign for a candidate for deputy to the people’s assembly at all levels starts from the day when the registration of the candidate for deputy comes to an end.

The election campaign is conducted in various forms and methods such as publicity through publications, broadcasting, visual aids, art performances and oratorical meetings.

It is mainly aimed at notifying voters of the purpose and significance of election, the right of a voter stipulated in the election law, and election procedures and methods and introducing a candidate.

The election of deputies to the 14th Supreme People’s Assembly and the elections of deputies to provincial (municipal), city (district) and county people’s assemblies took place in the DPRK in March and July Juche 108 (2019).

Various forms of election campaigns were conducted through newspapers, broadcasting and TV, etc. with the elections as the momentum.

For a typical example, Rodong Sinmun, the organ of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, published such editorials, titled, “Let us greet the election of deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly with great political enthusiasm and proud labour feats”, “Let us all participate in the election to cement our people’s power as firm as a rock” and “Let us all vote for the deputies to local people’s assemblies in the election”.

As a result, 99.98% of voters across the country, registered in the voters’ list, participated in the election of deputies to provincial (municipal), city (district) and county people’s assemblies held on July 21, and all of them voted for the candidates for deputies registered in the relevant constituencies.

This shows that the election campaign in the DPRK is aimed at nominating the true representatives of the people and ensuring the successful election by awakening the political enthusiasm of voters.

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