All the people-oriented policies still in effect in the DPRK have a long history.
Korea was liberated from the military occupation of the Japanese imperialists on August 15, 1945. When all the Korean people turned out in the building of a new country, the agrarian reform and the nationalization of major industries were enforced and the law on sex equality was promulgated, with the result that they became full-fledged masters of the country.
Even in the period of the hard-fought Fatherland Liberation War (June 1950-July 1953) the State took measures to rebuild the destroyed sanatoria and rest homes for the sake of working people and carry textbooks for pupils and students by means of military trains. It also effected the universal free medical care system to improve the people’s health and protect their life from January 1, 1953. It enforced the universal free compulsory primary and secondary education systems in the 1950s and the universal free education system from April 1, 1959. Entering the new century, it introduced the universal 12-year compulsory education to promote the development of education.
Thanks to the people-oriented policies of the Workers’ Party of Korea and the State, the Korean people are provided with modern dwelling houses free of charge, and they do not know the word “rent”.
Typical of them are the houses built in Changjon Street, Mirae Scientists Street and Ryomyong Street in Pyongyang and distributed gratis to the working people.
In 1974 it abolished taxation, a leftover of the old society, thus becoming the first tax-free country in the world, and kept adopting people-oriented policies.
Even in the trying years of the Arduous March and forced march, schoolchildren’s palaces and camps and pleasure grounds were splendidly built in the scenic spots of the country. Such structures as the Mirim Riding Club, Masikryong Ski Resort, Munsu Water Park, Yonphung Scientists Holiday Camp, Okryu Children’s Hospital and Ryugyong General Ophthalmic Hospital have been built in the new century to ensure that working people enjoy the highest quality and standard of civilization. Orphans and aged persons with no one to look after them are leading a happy life free from worries at orphanages, baby homes, primary and middle schools for orphans and old people’s homes. Most recently, Samjiyon City has been face-lifted as befits a model of mountainous cultured town and a hot spring resort with unique architectural styles built in Yangdok area. Such facts are by no means attributable to its good conditions, nor has it rich material wealth.
Due to the persistent moves of hostile forces to isolate and suffocate the DPRK, the country was faced with manifold hardships and difficulties. It has invariably pursued the people-oriented policies as its social system is the people-centred one in which working people are the masters of everything and everything in society serves them.
Enjoying State benefits under the socialist system, the Korean people are advancing vigorously towards the bright future of a socialist power, full of confidence and optimism.