February 2 is World Wetland Day.
According to information available, nearly 120,000 species of plants and animals are living on wetlands worldwide and more than 40 percent of the total living species inhabit there.
And three billion people around the world live by relying on wetlands. Considering that the profit to be gained by humans from the natural environment is 100 percent, it is said that the share taken by wetlands accounts for 45 percent.
However, wetland destruction persisted in recent years, including the mass exploitation of wetland resources and the random reclamation of wetlands, resulting in a sharp reduction of wetlands.
An international environmental organization said that the wetlands on the earth saw a 35 percent decrease in the period between 1970 and 2015, and over 24,000 hectares of wetlands are destroyed and lost each year.
Such a reduction is posing serious threats to living creatures inhabiting wetlands, producing negative effects on biodiversity conservation.
The destruction of wetlands reduces plant species, which in turn precipitates global warming due to the greenhouse effect.
The reduction of creature species due to wetland destruction, or the reduction of biodiversity, is not merely a matter confined to the extinction of a few species of creatures, but a serious problem destroying the balance of the world’s ecosystem and, furthermore, posing a real menace to human existence.
The theme for this year’s World Wetland Day is “Wetland and biodiversity”, and the ecosystem requires mankind to proactively turn out in wetland protection.
The DPRK’s ecosystem is very rich as it is blessed with rivers and streams, especially Taedong, Chongchon, Amnok and Tuman rivers, as well as Lake Chon on Mt Paektu, Lake Samji and other lakes and reservoirs, coastal lakes and rice paddies.
Hundreds of thousands of migratory birds fly to the east and west coasts of the DPRK for habitation or stopover and, especially, the Mundok migratory bird sanctuary in South Phyongan Province, was listed as one of the Ramsar wetland sites and East Asian Australasian Flyway network sites.
The DPRK is conducting various activities for the survey of and research into wetland ecosystem, the establishment, protection and management of wetland reserves and the rational use of wetland resources. The research into ecological activities of migratory birds and diverse other projects are now under way.
Categories: Nature & Green Energy