Mundok Crane, a Living Monument of Korea


Cranes can be found in Asia including Korea, Europe, South Africa, North America and Australia.

There are 14 species in the world, of which the Manchurian crane, white-naped crane and common crane are known in Korea. What is well-known among them is Manchurian crane, which is usually called crane or Hak, Paekhak or Chonhak in Korean.

In Korea cranes fly into the west coastal area in autumn for wintering.

The Mundok Crane inhabits the area of Mundok County, South Phyongan Province.

Living there are more than 180 species of birds including over 30 species of resident birds and over 150 species of migratory birds. Of them, over 90 species of marshy birds fly over the area in spring and autumn to and from breeding and wintering places and some of them summer there.


In Korea, crane has become a bird symbolizing longevity and purity since ancient times, loved by people. Very often it has been drawn on pictures, embroideries, decorations and porcelains.

The Mundok Crane has been designated as a living monument and is actively protected in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

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