The Mausoleum of King Hyejong, the second king of the Koryo Dynasty, was unearthed in Kaesong City of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in July Juche 108(2019). Koryo is a feudal state that existed between 918 and 1392 in Korean history.
The mausoleum was built in the 10th century.
It is divided into three parts.
The upper part has a mound 13 meters across and 3 meters high, its protection facilities and a monument. A statue of civil official is found on both sides of the middle part and the site of altar in the lower part.
The coffin chamber is 4 meters long, 3.4 meters wide and 2.2 meters high, which is the largest of the royal mausoleums of Koryo unearthed so far.
Discovered at the time of excavating the mausoleum were a gravestone with inscriptions “Royal Mausoleum of Koryo” and relics such as celadon saucer engraved with patterns, antefix tiles with petal patterns and dragon-shaped crest pieces.
Kim In Chol, Section Chief of the Archaeological Institute under the Academy of Social Sciences, says: “The excavation and ascertainment of the Mausoleum of King Hyejong are of great significance in studying the royal mausoleum system of Koryo. They made it possible to clearly explain the structure of the royal mausoleum in the early years of Koryo and its succession from that of Koguryo. They also enabled us to find many materials of great importance in the course of change of the royal mausoleum system of Koryo and in the course of development of the history of Koryo ceramics.”